Tuesday, December 7, 2021
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How is a vaccination carried out?

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vaccination carried out: Before vaccination:

In order to allay concerns, it is important for parents to prepare their child or teenager for the idea that they are going to receive a vaccine by explaining to them in simple and age-appropriate terms how the vaccination works and the importance of vaccination.

Vaccination is one way to protect yourself against one or more potentially serious illnesses. It is also a gesture of solidarity, which helps protect those around them, who are sometimes more fragile.

Without dramatizing it, it is better to indicate, rather than hide, that most vaccines are administered via an injection. If the child is worried about injections, parents may consider applying a numbing cream to the injection site beforehand. It is found in pharmacies, on medical prescription. The leaflet indicates how long the product takes to work.

vaccination carried out: During vaccination:

How is a vaccine administered?

The bulk of vaccines are injectable vaccines. And as a rule, vaccines are given:

  • In the thigh in babies up to the age of 1 year
  • In the shoulder, in the deltoid muscle, in children from the age of 1 year and in adults

Some vaccines are injected intramuscularly, deep, directly into the muscle. Others are injected subcutaneously, between the muscle and the skin. There are also vaccines that are taken by mouth: they come in the form of solutions that you drink.

The buttock injection is now avoided. This is because there is a greater risk of affecting the sciatic nerve and not injecting the vaccine intramuscularly, which reduces the effectiveness of the vaccination.

Several vaccines at the same time

It is quite possible to receive some vaccines at the same time, during the same medical consultation. Scientific studies have shown that administering several vaccines together is not harmful to the immune system. Very efficient, it can indeed manage millions of microorganisms at the same time.

However, before being authorized, any new combination of vaccines is the subject of scientific studies. Experts check in particular that the vaccine preparations are compatible and that, administered at the same time, the vaccines do not lose their effectiveness and do not see the risk of side effects increase.

We talk about coadministered vaccines when several injections are made, at different injection sites, during the same session. For example, an adult may receive the flu and tetanus boosters at the same time.

There is also a combination of vaccines. They protect directly against several germs that cause the same disease, for example, several strains of a virus, or several different diseases. In this case, there is only one injection, with a pre-filled syringe containing several vaccine preparations. The MMR vaccine (measles-rubella–mumps) is an example of a combination vaccine.

A lot of combination vaccines are used in young children. This method is, in fact, more comfortable for them, the number of injections received then being limited. This also prevents parents from having to multiply vaccination consultations.

Can get vaccinated hurt?

Vaccination by injection maybe a little pain upon penetration of the product. It is advisable not to tense up at the time of the bite and to breathe calmly.

If it is a baby or a child who is vaccinated, the accompanying adult will give them confidence by staying calm and speaking quietly to them. The adult or the vaccinator may also distract the child from the injection.

vaccination carried out: After Vaccination:

What are the most common side effects?

Among the most common side effects of injectable vaccines are:

  • In 10 cases out of 100 people vaccinated: a local reaction in the area where the bite was taken (pain, redness, swelling).
  • In 1 to 10 cases in 100 people vaccinated: general effects such as fever, muscle or joint pain.
  • In 1 in 450,000 people vaccinated: an allergic reaction to the vaccine. This corresponds on average to 1 case per million doses of vaccine injected.

When should you be worried and call a doctor?

Serious allergic reactions can occur after vaccination. They are however extremely rare: 1 case per million doses of vaccine injected.

If any of the symptoms in the list below appear, you should immediately contact a doctor or medical emergency:

  • A rash which may be itchy or blistered
  • Swelling of the eyes and face
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Sudden drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness
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