Wednesday, December 8, 2021
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True/false about pediatric vaccines

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14 vaccines for children under two years of age: diphtheria, tetanus, polio, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae type B, hepatitis B, meningococcus C, pneumococcus, measles-mumps-rubella (MMR). Update on what we know today about these 14 vaccines.

Pediatric vaccines: Vaccines can cause side effects

TRUE. Vaccines can cause a local reaction to the injection, such as pain, redness, or swelling, in less than ten in 100 cases. Fever and joint and muscle pain affect one to ten in 100 cases. Rare allergic reactions can be serious without appropriate treatment (less than one in 450,000 vaccinated).

Pediatric vaccines: Aluminium from vaccines is dangerous for babies

FALSE. The aluminium salts in vaccines are used as adjuvants to enhance vaccine response since 1926 and they concern all vaccines except MMR (measles- mumps- rubella). Infants come into contact with antigens in large numbers from birth and their immune system is able to withstand the ten injections.

The detractors of the vaccines evoke the 3 mg of aluminium which will be administered to children before two years, whose immune system is, according to them, still immature.

Pediatric vaccines: vaccination increases Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

FALSE. To date, no scientific study has shown a correlation between vaccination and sudden infant death syndrome. Anti-vaccines cite the growing number of sudden unexplained death cases.

Pediatric vaccines: there is a link between vaccines and autism

FALSE. Studies show that there is no direct link between autism or inflammatory bowel disease and measles vaccination or measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, as one bogus study suggested published in 1998 in the prestigious medical journal “The Lancet”, which however officially denied this link.

Hepatitis B vaccine has increased the number of multiple cases of sclerosis

FALSE. Studies carried out between 1996 and 2004 have ruled out the suspected link between this vaccine and serious adverse effects concerning neurological damage such as multiple sclerosis or other autoimmune diseases.

(For vaccine opponents who point to an upsurge in multiple sclerosis since virus immunization campaigns hepatitis B in the 1990s, there is no reason to vaccinate children before adolescence, the vaccine is particularly recommended for business at risk of contamination.)

No country makes mandatory

FALSE vaccines. While most countries opt for recommendations rather than an obligation, Italy and France have changed their regulations, making a number of vaccines compulsory, in order to be able to enrol their children in school. Up to six years old, these vaccines will be compulsory for registration in nursery or kindergarten.

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